It is the coldest continent on Earth, the least inhabited, the least diverse in flora and fauna, and even so, it is the object of a deep human investigation. Antarctica was the last continent discovered despite the fact that for several centuries before 1820 there was already speculation about the existence of a Terra Australis Incognita or unknown southern land somewhere in the south of the planet.
Antarctica is located almost entirely below the Antarctic Circle, in the southern hemisphere. Its total area covers about 14 million square kilometers. It is the fourth largest continent; it surpasses Oceania and Europe, being 1.3 times bigger than this and almost 15 times the size of the United States. Its coastline is around 17,968 kilometers and is surrounded by the Antarctic Ocean.
Climate in Antarctica:
Antarctica is the coldest and also windiest continent in the world. The lowest temperature on Earth was recorded in Antarctica. There are three climatic regions in Antarctica:
The interior of the continent: This is the extremely cold area of Antarctica.
Coastal areas: These areas have more moderate temperatures and more rainfall.
The Antarctic Peninsula: This is the region that has a warmer and more humid climate; temperatures above zero are common in the summer months.
During the summer season the temperature in the Antarctic Peninsula varies in a range between -2 ° C and 5 ° C. In the Ross Sea it can get significantly cooler, with temperatures dropping down to -20 ° C.
Types of plants or animals in Antarctica:
The vegetation in Antarctica is limited to approximately 350 species of mainly lichens, mosses and algae. Several species of seabirds, seals and penguins are often seen in Antarctica, such as Emperor penguin, Adélie penguin, orcas, humpback whales, Weddell seals and leopard seals.
Cruises through Antarctica and Patagonia:
Visit Patagonia helps you in the organization of trips and cruises to Antarctica and the South Pole.
We offer cruises to Antarctica and the Malvinas Islands in charge of companies specialized in this type of expeditions. The cruises leave from Ushuaia or Puerto Madryn in specific dates.
Consult for group trips and tour packages to Antarctica and get the best prices.